Sales Receipts, Invoices and Statements: How and When to Use Them in QuickBooks
Did you know you can create multiple types of sales forms in QuickBooks for different situations? Here's a look at what they are and when to use them.
When you buy something at a store, you get a receipt that shows what you purchased and what you paid. If you receive products or services before you pay for them, you’ll receive an invoice. And if you have several open invoices with the same company, the company may send you a statement.
The sales forms mentioned above might be difficult for you to provide if you're still doing your accounting manually on paper, but fortunately, QuickBooks offers easy-to-use templates for sales receipts, invoices and statements. Here's an introduction to when and how to use them.
When a customer pays you on the spot, you can create a sales receipt.
When you receive full payment for a product or service at the time of the sale, the correct form to use in QuickBooks is the Sales Receipt. Click the Create Sales Receipts icon on the home page or open the Customers menu and select Enter Sales Receipts. You'll see a form like the partial one pictured above.
Click the down arrow in the Customer:Job field and select the correct one or <Add New>. If you assign transactions to Classes, pick the right one in that list. The Template field should default to the appropriate form. If you've created more than one sales receipt template, select the one that you want. Click the icon above the correct payment type.
Tip: Want to be able to accept credit cards and eChecks? You're likely to get paid faster by some customers. You'll also be able to accept payments on your smartphone or tablet and create receipts. Talk to us about adding this capability.
Select the appropriate Item(s) from that drop-down list and enter a Qty (Quantity). Be sure to apply the sale's Tax status by opening that list. (If you know that you're responsible for paying sales tax on at least some of your sales but you haven't set this tracking up in QuickBooks yet, we can work with you on that. It's important.) When you've finished filling in the table with all the goods or services you sold, you can save the transaction and either print it or email it to your customer.
After you've completed the top half of an invoice, you'll see something like this at the bottom.
You'll create and send Invoices to customers when you've received either a partial payment or no payment at the time of the sale. Those completed transactions become a part of your total Accounts Receivable (money owed to you). Click Create Invoices on the home page or go to Customers | Create Invoices. Fill out the fields at the top of the screen like you did with your sales receipt; the forms are almost the same. Invoices, though, have Bill To and Ship To addresses, as well as fields for the sale's Terms and Due Date.
You shouldn't have to do anything with the bottom half of the screen (pictured above) unless you want to include a Customer Message, since the information here is carried over from the top of the screen. Check to make sure the Tax Code is correct, though.
It's important to note, it's an either/or situation when it comes to creating an invoice and a sales receipt for the same transaction. It's best to not use sales receipts for invoice payments, as it can cause issues.
When you create statements, you'll first choose the customers who should receive them.
Statements are very useful when you have multiple customers who are past due on their payments (you can find this out by running the A/R Aging Summary report, which you'll find under Reports | Customers & Receivables). Click the Statements link on the home page or go to Customers | Create Statements. You'll first have to select the customer(s)who should be on your list, as pictured above. There are several other options on this page that will help you refine this group. When you're done, QuickBooks will automatically generate them, and you can print or email them.
You'll save a lot of time when you use QuickBooks' sales forms. Your bookkeeping will also be more accurate, and it will be easier to track down specific transactions. If you use them conscientiously, you'll be able to run reports that provide comprehensive overviews of various elements of your finances.
Do you have questions about any of this, or are you just getting started with QuickBooks? We're happy to schedule a consultation to determine what your needs are and how we can assist. Contact us, and we'll set something up.